Mystery object 825 GTS
Day 12 (05.09.2004)
( in Chapter draws from various Internet sites and excerpts from the newspaper "Kyiv region".
The views of the defendants in the articles are their own point of view, which not necessarily coincides with the point of view of the site www.ufabike.ru)
We slept in long enough this time because in a hurry.
And bessonny night is not conducive to early recovery. The sun stood already high enough, when we finally crawled out of the tent and started to cook food and dry wet per night things.
Marat stretching and yawning walked to the cliff. And then his drowsiness vanished. Basic instinct turned heated brain and body at the bottom of the sea right under our Parking lot bathed naked girl.
It will probably be superfluous to say that already after 10 minutes she was standing near our tents and were acquainted with us (of course already dressed)
The girl's name was Nadia, she was a programmer from Moscow.
Traveled to Crimea on foot in splendid isolation. Still in the capital people crazy lives:)
We gave her Breakfast in exchange for her pleasant company.
Moreover, for almost 10 days, we have seen basically only unshaven faces each other. At first it seemed a little strange.
But then I realized that her manner of speaking and behavior (kind of a fool with lanes) just a mask.
And under it was hidden a very unusual and prevlekatelny personality.
We then engaged in small repair and lube their bikes.
Rinat began to change the camera pierced the day before the descent from the mountain, and Marat to change the wires to touch the bushings clogged with clay even with tarkhankuta.
And Nadia sat next and entertained us with his talk.
And then I insisted that they went to Balaclava in an abandoned factory hideout.
But at the same time got the water and bought food.
It was decided that they would go by boat and not go riding in the mountains.
I myself was there last year and because volunteered to sit on duty in our camp.
That settled the matter.
Waiting when far seemed next boat heading towards the Marina beach, the guys left me.
Despite the fact that I was there - I could easily imagine what they saw.
Boat after successively passed the Golden and Silver beaches wrapped in the narrow throat of the Balaklava Bay.
And here once in the mountain Tavros catches the eye of a black hole is the North gate of the shelter.
From here went to sea and came back submarines of the Soviet Union.
The very shelter hidden deep within the mountain. Excursions were made to it recently.
The fact that there appears gaze is stunning. Cover completely contradictory feelings - awe of the scale of the earlier work and resentment from what has now become
Brief history of the creation of this truly unique facility is as follows:
The postwar years. In the world there was a growing confrontation between the USSR and the USA.
Vengeance spun the nuclear arms race.
The two superpowers – the USSR and the USA – is gradually built up arsenals of nuclear bombs, nuclear warheads for missiles and torpedoes, threatening each other preemptive strikes and retaliation.
On the ranges of Nevada and a New Earth in full rose nuclear mushrooms.
Brewing Cuban missile crisis as the fuse of the third world – fusion – and therefore the planet's last war.
It was then that Stalin gave Beria the secret order: to find a place where could be based submarines for a retaliatory nuclear strike.
The choice fell on the quiet Balaklava: the city was immediately classified , its name on the map of Crimea is no longer mentioned.
Shortly before his death Joseph Stalin personally approved the draft of the Balaklava underground plant to repair submarines .
Time to think, he almost does not remain: according to Soviet intelligence, the United States already isrules rabid underground construction.
Under the chips and mine were hidden command posts, and ballistic missiles, hangars, and military factories...
The whole city went into the bowels of the earth, branching out there, like wormholes.
In the arms race the Soviet Union could not keep up with the United States.
In the summer of 1957 in a Balaclava appeared specialists Inspecteth.
Work in the mountain Tavros was conducted around the clock, like miners, in four shifts.
Step by step cubic meter for cubic meter, day after day, year after year... the Total production of the rocky soil exceeded 25 thousand cubic meters.
What engineering techniques were used to create the ego artificial creation, still remains a mystery.
It is only known that the initial work was conducted by representatives of the Soviet black sea fleet. Labor was provided by military mining and underground construction battalion, and then the main work carried by the staff of the Moscow metro.
In case of nuclear threat that the underworld was designed to shelter 10 thousand people .
In offline mode they could be in for 3 years!
But most importantly - in the event of a nuclear war, there could simultaneously hide 7 submarines of the middle class or 14 "little ones"(project 615) and military plant "Metallist" for their repair. The entire factory infrastructure was completely isolated from the outside world with closed underwater gates.
Combat boats are repaired in offline mode and went through a special channel directly to the open sea.
In view of conspiracy in the underground complex admitted and released only one submarine, and only at night.
So count the number of boats, which, moreover, are frequently changed hull numbers, Balaklava was almost impossible.
It was the only one in the world like an underground complex.
Suffice it to say that even when Sevastopol was closed to the public, to visit Balaklava required a special pass.
AbsolutelyXia documentation about the construction of the facility was seized by the KGB.
The boat went into an underground channel only at night, and at the embankment carefully "combed" patrols and strongly suggested to leave the promenade of all who were there.
For over 30 years (1960 to 1990), none of the locals did not even know about the existence of secret tunnels — "Object number 825 GTS", which was officially called a city telephone system.
Many have already guessed, why the Balaclava has ceased to be a climatological resort, despite the very strict secrecy: to enter the Bay could not even native Sevastopol.
Say, one idler, accidentally passed my stop, got off that bus at the entrance to the Bay and almost muzzled in the dungeons of the KGB.
But two former workers for years lived on the same landing, only after Gorbachev's perestroika found out that they worked at the same plant in the same place, but in different crews.
The object was protected as from the atomic bombing, and from prying eyes.
From the overhand refuge, shielded by the heavy layer of concrete, covered the 125-meter thick mountain composed of solid rock.
Inputs locked 50-ton gate (surprisingly, a sort of machine easily closed by one person!).
Steel outside, inside gates were filled with concrete and had a convex shape, which according to the creators, significantly blunted the action of the blast wave.
In the rock tunnel of the submarine climbed its course through the channel length of over 600 meters, depth — 8,5.
The channel level at 7 meters below sea level!
Next housed the production workshop and auxiliary facilities with a total length of 300 meters. The largest diameter tunnel — 22 meters.
From the Bay entrance to the tunnel was covered by a 150-ton floating rotopactor, which surfaced after podawania air.
It made it possible "zakopalovabe" underground facility.
The same motoport, but only a smaller, set in the underground dry dock. When the boat was included in the surface position, motoport closed, he pumped water and Donovaly the boat.
Exit on the North side was also peregorazhivanie rotopactor, who was moved aside, producing submarines in the open sea. The entrance to the tunnel on the North side was so cleverly disguised that the uninitiated man will never find the tunnel, even at close range.
Thus, the underground complex was completely isolated from the external environment.
His defense could withstand a direct hit by a nuclear bomb capacity of 100 kilotons, which was equal to "five Hiroshima"!.
To soften nuclear strike all underground structures, including water channel, had a rounded shape.
According to the military "top", in a hypothetical nuclear explosion in the centre of Balaklava, in addition to fire barrage of up to several thousand degrees, huge levels of radiation in the tens of thousands of x-rays, the column of water could rise tens of meters, sucked into the throat of the Bay hundreds of millions of tons of water and flooding all life.
The bullet was supposed to take mobile motoport, which closed and opened the sea entrance to the underground complex.
The maximum height of the internal cavity of the complex reached 10 meters, and the highest point of the rock above it is 26 meters. In addition to loading ammunition, submarines could be recharged to plant their batteries, replenish water and fuel.
Near the tunnel was built a warehouse of rocket arms and the storage of nuclear ammunition.
Underground storage of fuel is constructed in the form of vertical underground tanks, it was possible to store up to 4 thousand tons of petroleum products.
Under the protection of the heavy strata of the rock from the vault on a narrow-gauge road to the underground pier, picked up torpedoes, missiles, artillery ammunition and other necessary goods.
In secret workshops naschityvalas from 170 to 230 people, serving MLC and other engineering systems of the underground facility.
Another 50 people were in the water protection division and carried an ongoing service in three positions: at the inlet and exit of the tunnel and near the dock.
In 1961, Khrushchev took a course on reduction of the Armed Forces of the USSR.
When visiting Sevastopol and black sea fleet Nikita in his own way appreciated the uniqueness of underground structures in Balaklava.
The scope and versatility of the underground complex was so impressed by Khrushchev that he was ordered to remake it into a... warehouses for wine.
And only through persistent requests and numerous special reports of the Central Committee of the Communist party of the Commander in chief of the Navy of the USSR Admiral Kuznetsovsky plant to repair submarines managed to finish.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the object lost its military significance.
Last time service to the homeland the object rendered in the mid 90-ies, when one of the premises behind the massive door began to take over the whole Ukraine coupon-karbovanets.
Then he was abandoned by the military and was subjected to barbaric plunder.
The last Russian submarine left Balaklava in March 1995.
The city and the port, and the harbour was entirely under the jurisdiction of Ukraine.
The underground complex was taken out of operation and handed over to local authorities.
All production facilities (expensive machines and equipment with precious metals) were taken in an unknown direction.
When the massive anti-nuclear genmodel "hospitably" opened to everyone, the "demilitarization" of the Bay have engaged in a "tenacious business": it was unscrewed, removed and took out everything I could.
In underground mines rushed the crowd of miners of non-ferrous and ferrous metals.
The first thing were stolen all the cast iron lid that covered the various communication manholes, inspection hatches, technological, mines, tunnels, postern, and other transitions.
In the once-secret plant canOh it was no problem to drive not only the truck, but on a small crane.
From the former departments, is able to promptly return to the ranks crippled the submarine, had only the one machine that will never work: power cables cut to the last meter, and all the details went on scrap.
Relatively few suffered only unique filtration chamber and toilets: a rare man in the street could adjust their "economic" purposes.
Plumbing in underground facilities, as in all shelters, were distinguished by their durability and simplicity, but not by prestige and comfort.
Speaking of underground cities have taken several hundred thousand tons of metal and "extorted" more than one billion hryvnia.
From the powerful division of nuclear submarines that can "sink" the entire continent, the Ukrainian Naval Forces inherited only "a moribund" submarine "Zaporozhye".
From Balaklava she dragged in Streletskaya Bay.
Apparently, to go to sea it can with the same success as the legendary cruiser "Aurora".
Underground shelter turned into a dangerous path with the treacherous "wolf pits" at almost every step.
In the dark tunnels opened his greedy mouth manholes, ladders were left without railings, and bridges over water canal just destroyed.
In many premises lying and sticking of metal parts, not interested "hunters", but it is able to cripple the hapless tourist.
The only thing that is not in danger, is an electric current: from the long cable runs were only a memory.
Abandoned southern motoport under the action of some unknown forces split into two parts, one of which had fallen into the canal, blocking the entrance.
On corroded by rust fracture it is visible, what huge work was done during the Assembly of this motoport how many steel plates were required to cook and sshith.
On the blackened walls of the underground city, you can still see traces of the burning of stolen non-ferrous metal.
When you go through abandoned corridors, not feeling that he was in some kind of computer game-shooter.
The dim light of portable lamps, which give each visitor snatches alternating pale faces of tourists, the rusted rails, fan, divergent corridors, the multi-ton doors frozen half-open in the form.
For some reason, many tourists here trying to be funny and usually inappropriate.
I just wanted to be quiet. After all, about the dead either good or nothing.
The looting of the former factory halls would continue to this day, if the military decided to establish a Museum "for the edification of posterity".
A few employees became a watchful custody of the surviving good.
Currently there is a branch of the Central Museum of Armed forces of Ukraine. Since 2003, inside the complex are organised tours.
The cost is 10 UAH(60 R) of a man.
In the future, at the entrance to the main adit propose to erect a six-storey building in the form of a nasal part of a submarine: there will be places not only for demonstration of the former military equipment (missiles and torpedoes), but also for entertainment venues, restaurants and discos.
Architectural-artistic solution of Museum complex designed to maintain the mystery of the mountain Tavros.
Museum exhibition will highlight this angle, to create the appearance of underground space.
But first you need to solve the problem of water cleaning Bay.
In many places the bottom is covered with a heavy layer of silt, which, in addition to various waste and toxins, could be holed up fighting shells and mines...
It apparently have a lot of money and judging by the fact that during the year nothing has changed the Outlook for such construction is very vague.
On the way back the guys got food and got drinking water in the local canteen.
This time, according to them, even without verbal scuffle, which Rinat wont suit all falling under his hot hand.
There they met a family traveling to the Crimea. Pictures of them I also publish.
Boat Marat Rinat apparently began to Woo our girl, because one of the bottles of wine on their return was almost empty.
In the course went even yogurt - because we all know that there is about 1% alcohol.
However I could be wrong, because it is inherent in the people:)