Norway.Naive.Super!

Beer, vodka and wind

Passed: 88 km

 

... People should simply get to know more about each other.
What we think, what we fear, what we believe, but also very simple things, like how many who gets up in the morning and dinner than usual.
It is important to all.
And what we certainly are not threatened, so is the excessive knowledge about each other.
Over the coming days we will have time a little to fill the gaps in communication and to share information about things important and not. ..


Got up quite late.
Life near the warehouses of IKEA seething vengeance.

Cars drove up, talked to people.
Our tent from the trees you can see probably was not, but still not very pleasant to hang about in such a bustling place.
The first is our day to cook Breakfast I had one.
Ilya was still sleeping in the tent and categorically he didn't care about what is happening around.
The first Norwegian day dawned warm and Sunny.
From our Parking lot left around noon.
In the light of day navigate the intricacies of the suburbs of Oslo was easier, but not much.
Had to use a great and mighty to determine the direction of movement.

Then lo and behold! by the way, I got a very picturesque lake with small beach.
We are not saying a word turned back and another hour spent in the society of moms with children and wild ducks, absolutely not afraid of people and walking sedately on the grass.



In Russia we have similar lakes are a dime a dozen.
Maybe even more beautiful there.
But it is necessary to imagine what it might look like we have this clean well maintained beach so is sad.

Probably would come here right on the machines, was cut at full power music.
Of course the terms would be scattered with trash and broken bottles.
It's naremany set.
Possible options in the form of fires from broken immediately trees.
All the time I wondered - where does the culture of behavior and consciousness among the people.
And where it disappears sometimes.
It is a congenital or acquired.

More than 70% of Norway is covered by mountains.
Even 20 percent - of the forest.
The share of agricultural land, there is very little space.
They are mostly located in the South-Central part of the country.
Besides the natural conditions of Norway's high latitude position and a short growing season, infertile soils, abundant rainfall and a cool summer – quite complicate the development of agriculture.

The result is cultivated mainly fodder crops, and of great importance, the products of dairy farming.
Barley, oats, potatoes and wheat are the main food crops.

Agriculture in Norway is low-profit sector of the economy in an extremely difficult situation, despite subsidies to maintain farms in remote areas.

The country has to import most of its food.
Many farmers produce agricultural products in an amount sufficient only to meet family needs.

Therefore it is necessary very carefully refers to the fact that all still manage to grow on Norwegian soil. Cherish every ear.
We have seen how close Norwegians per bed of seedlings with plastic films that were not fed the birds.
When something is a little necessarily have to be economical.



With some relief we breathed when he finally appeared in front of the city of Drammen(Drammen).
This is one of the biggest cities in Norway with a population of 160,000 people. Located about 40 km from Oslo. The city centre stretches along the valley of the river Drammenselva.
It is also a great port. The river empties into the fjord and go out sea-going vessels.
With its unique geographical location made the city a center of shipping,the timber trade and the 19th century - pulp industry .

For many years the centre of Drammen suffered from heavy traffic, but in 1999 the opening of the Bragernes tunnel is rejected a large part of the traffic flow far away from the city centre.
In recent years, the city center is significantly reconstructed with the construction of new shops, restaurants, cafes and bars.
And along the river have built a beautiful promenade.

We went straight to the center.
There on the square, bargaining, bought apples from a street vendor.
I easily knocked the price down from 25 to 15 kroons per kilogram.
In the market there are trading face Eastern ethnicity and it looks like it's not one annoying.

In General, to emigrate to Norway in three ways.
On a work visa.
Man invites a certain firm, it ready-made housing, at least for the first time, he receives a high salary.
Necessarily high, there is a law that is impossible to invite foreigners just like that, only really need highly paid professionals.
Immediately give a one-year residence permit that is renewed every year.
After three years, a residence permit becomes permanent.

In Norway quite a lot is home to immigrants from Africa, Arab States, from South-East Asia and also some countries of Western Europe and Latin America. Fall, though in smaller numbers, immigrants from Russia.
The majority of immigrants from these countries are labour immigrants. They get a work permit, including seasonal types of work, for example, on agricultural. Often in Norway it is possible to meet the poles having permanent or temporary job (one we met later).

The second method is to obtain political asylum.
Immigrants seeking gotische for political reasons, it came mostly from the following countries: Somalia, Sudan, Iran, India, Sri Lanka, Chechnya. They to this day are emigrating to Norway.
Theoretically, any person can contact the police and ask for asylum in Norway.
Just go to the first police station to apply for asylum – "Asil".
These people take the documents and sent to the primary dormitory for refugees.
This is the most popular among refugees way, because the money that they make, frugal people manage not only to eat, and still save something.
In such dormitories refugees can live up to 5 years as long as their question.

The main question – why people are asylum seekers, why in Norway and what was the harassment or threat to life at Home.
For economic reasons, a residence permit is not granted. Only when life is threatened, political or religious oppression
People sitting for 5 years, but have no right to work or to study.

After this period, they can deny the right to asylum and to deport from the country.

Sometimes comes to the absurd.
Any family with kids easily deported and international terrorists it will take.
A Mullah of Crack involved in the September 11 attacks and sentenced in U.S. court to death, well living in Norway, has refugee status for humanitarian reasons.
In America he was sentenced to death, then the threat to life and therefore has every right under Norwegian law to be here.
All indignant, but can not do anything. The law is the law and the court is always on his side.

Well, the third option - marriage to a Norwegian or Norwegian.
It is also very difficult and volokita, but really.
Immigrants in Norway, as in most other developed countries are mostly "undesirable" work.

In the middle of the square raspolahaly prehistoric water column.
Ilya decided to get water and could not understand how to do it. He twisted the handle on top, pulling the tabs but all in vain.
The audience at the square calmly watched his vain attempts.
Finally it turned out that I had to just leg press tiny button at the base that have nothing to do with the historically founded principles of operation of the column, but of direct relevance to local water utility trust.
Still mind is the mind.

On the bridge we crossed the river.
In principle, we can drive along it on either side. But it seemed that it would be better.
A flexible solution.

The area after Drammen not too expressive.
Mostly field and a small mountain of 300 meters high.
Clean air, little traffic - what more do you need for Cycling happiness.
There is time lost in your thoughts.
Cycling is a great way to think about anything.
Seen around often configures a philosophical mood, and begin to ask questions about a particular world and society.
It would seem that all people are inherently equal beings of flesh and blood.
And how different all live!

The path again had a bite in a small village in the square near the fountain.
As usual it was the yogurt or milk with raisins and rolls.
More hearty meals in the middle of the day was fraught total reduction in traction force.
And this is unacceptable.



Kongsberg (Kongsberg) opened from the hillside, little houses scattered along the turbulent river lagen (Lagen).
The length of this is quite deep river is 342 km.
It originates in the Scandinavian mountains on the Hardangervidda plateau (we'll get there) , runs through the Numedal valley and empties into the Skagerrak Strait in the district of Larvik.

The town of Kongsberg is famous for the old silver mines, of which approximately 1 350 tonnes of silver was extracted from 1623. /> In 1770 on the mine employed approximately 4,000 workers, and the city was the second largest in Norway, after Bergen (and even more than the current Oslo).

Kongsberg is also the location of the Mint of Norway (Norske Myntverket Det).
In 1987, state-owned Kongsberg Vaabenfabrik (KV) (the"Kongsberg Weapons Factory"), was accused of violating lived then CoCom restrictions for allegedly selling weapons to the Soviet state.
As a result, the company was fragmented into several smaller units and partially sold to private investors.

And of course the city is famous for its skiers.
Birger Ruud and his two brothers, as well as many other townspeople, like Petter Hugsted won numerous medals in Winter Olympics and other international Championships in the 1930s and 40s.
Their medals and equipment stored in the Ski Museum (Kongsberg Skimuseum), which is located near Norwegian Mining Museum (Norsk Bergverksmuseum) in the center of Kongsberg.

We didn't have time and effort to go around the city.
And nowhere here specifically. All the sights in the center. Museums , the waterfront and the old bridge with sculptures of miners and skiers.
All the things to be proud of.

On the second day of the journey finally became really hard to move.
The muscles have not yet adapted to the loads, plus essential acclimatisation.
It was time to put on the bed.
And fate has found us the perfect place for this.

Moving along the E134 highway, we saw a well equipped Playground. A big clearing with short cropped grass on the banks of a small river.
There was already fun. On one side stood the caravan and cheerful company was grilling.
But on the other hand, around a wooden table is no less noisy company of young boys and girls.

Hesitating for some time, troubled place we still decided their bones and iron to drop here.
Who knows what will happen next. And ,as we have already seen, a choice of places for Parking in Norway was not observed.

The tent was quickly raised its blue dome, things dropped off the bikes.
And then we went to the envoy.
It was a band from the Czech Republic. Everyone wanted to ride in his car in Norway.
And now called us to his company.
They have a lot of food and drink and have something to share.
All the same, we still need to learn raskreposhennaja behavior.
The eternal stiffness and poor knowledge of the language does not facilitate communication with different people.



To refuse, we did not and taking the vodka, "Epiphany frosts" - not empty-handed in guests, went into the camp of our new friends.

We sat with them until late at night. They treated us with macron and real beer "Budweiser".
A special joy Elijah. And I but nothing outstanding was found.
Spoke a mixture of English, Czech and Russian.
Some Czech words are very similar.

Of course about the full conversation was out of question. It's one thing to ask directions from passers-by and another to maintain it for several hours.
Here and in the Russian companies it is not always common themes are.
In General, I sweated considerably.
Only Ilya felt quite comfortable. Language he didn't know were dimmed beer and mustache is not blowing.

The Czechs were very sociable and cheerful.
Our vodka tasted a little, but not addicted.
We exchanged web addresses and are quite pleased with themselves and each other went to their corners.

I could not sleep excited conversations and libations.

By the way about vodka. We took on the road with a maximum allowed to import the quantity.
Two liter bottles.
With the aim to use it for warmth in cold weather or to buy one at the event.
Case as I see beforeraised very soon.
Had to carry this weight for almost the entire trip. But it was a necessary measure.
Buy vodka here - the idea is not simple and not cheap.

Although Norway has its own national alcoholic drink - caraway vodka Akevitt or Akvavit.
Legend has it that in the mid 19th century the Norwegians are fortunate in Australia to order the local merchant on the ship vodka. However, the merchant went bankrupt and couldn't buy and had a whole load to take back.
And suddenly it turned out that after the boat crossed the equator twice the vodka has acquired a special taste soft and fragrant.

Since the linear line akevitt vodka is exported to many countries around the world.
It is produced from potatoes with spices and cumin.
Then poured into special oak barrels of 500 l each and sent to circumnavigate the globe.
The Norwegians still believe that pitching on a sailing ship gives Akevitt such a specific taste.

In General, the situation with alcohol in Norway is even tougher than in Sweden.

Implementing alcoholic beverages on the domestic market of Norway provides the state monopoly (except beverages with alcohol content of 4.7% or lower).
Wine and spirits are only sold in special state stores system "Vinmonopolet", operating on special schedule.
In many rural communes, the sale of alcoholic beverages is prohibited (beer is not), and introduce these restrictions are not a state and the commune.
Liquors prohibited on Sundays and holidays, and also to 13.00 hrs and after midnight on weekdays. Beer and wine is permitted daily.

However, for all 20 days of our journey we met one wine shop.
Not specifically looking for of course, but so just caught my eye - never.
Maybe it was an accident and a mere coincidence, but in the top six countries in terms of living according to the UN list there is a state monopoly on the sale of alcohol.

In Iceland (2nd place) Vinbud is owned by the state monopolist on manufacture of alcohol and tobacco ATVR (46 points on 290 thousand population).
In Sweden (5e place) is a non - profit network of Systembolaget (350 stores by 8.8 million people).
In Norway(1st place) - state-owned Vinmonopolet (200 points 4.6 million).
In the Finnish state Alko (314 stores 5.3 million citizens).
In all provinces of Canada (6th place), except for Alberta, a monopoly on the retail sale of alcohol belongs to the local authorities owning the networks of liquor stores in Quebec, the SAQ network in Manitoba - Liquor Marts, in Nova Scotia - NSLC.

In these countries try to pass on the razor's edge.
On the one hand not to slip to a total ban of alcohol in some Muslim countries, and on the other not allow the uncontrolled to drink all they want and when they want.
The principles of democracy are met - alcohol is in a relatively free market.
Yes, these little shops, Yes the alcohol is expensive, but it is there and anyone can buy if he wants.

Alcohol consumption by the person it is impossible to completely eradicate.
It's a question of measure, and the measure has never been characteristic of Homo sapiens.
And on the other hand is a disease and the disease is easier to prevent than to cure.

In the history of our country, too, there were periods when he enters and cancels the monopoly on alcohol.
The wine monopoly — the exclusive right of the state or individuals for the production and sale of alcoholic beverages.



Last time it was on 7 June 1992, when Russian President Boris Yeltsin issued a decree abolished the monopoly of the state.

However, on 11 June 1993 andBui the decree of the President about the restoration of the state monopoly for manufacture, storage and wholesale of alcoholic beverages.
But the market already was active and independent producers, to monitor the activity of which was almost impossible.
Now when a critical situation with alcoholism became apparent again talking about monopoly.

But as the experience of other countries, one only a monopoly on the sale of wine will make little difference.
There is no difference in who will solder the people: "the traders" or "state", "market" or "monopoly".
Therefore, in order to cope with alcoholism, it is necessary to struggle not with a consequence, and with reason.
Just need to improve the lives of people and promote together with it a healthy lifestyle.

The Norwegians are the same people as all other on earth.
And also not averse to drink.

While the Norwegian peasants drank only beer, everything was in order.
But in the XVII century in the country there were schnapps. Drink less the Norwegians did not.
And degrees has increased. And in the early twentieth century had to organize an anti-alcohol campaign. It ended with the complete triumph of the opponents of the "green snake".
In 1919, in a national referendum, 61.6 per cent of the population voted for a complete ban of vodka and sweet wine. That settled the matter.
Was introduced even very unpopular among the people spiseplikt - law "mandatory meals".
According to this law even to beer you had to order food.

The activities of the "Vinmonopolet:" controls the Ministry of social protection of the population. The main principle is to "Sell -sell, but don't let people to sleep".
To discourage Norwegians from addiction, as suggested lawmakers should first fabulous prices.
Not to say that it works a hundred percent, but nevertheless the level of consumption.tion of alcohol per capita in Norway is the lowest in the world.
Yes, today in Norway are drinking less than in any other European country.
Alcohol statistics - shiny.
But the Norwegians still love to tell how, skiing, just passing through.
Or as dad woke up in the open field, unconscious, and uncle buck naked running down the street.

Other Norwegian lovers of drink, too, found a way out.
If for example the Finns spend their weekends in St. Petersburg, the heirs of the Vikings travel to neighboring Sweden. There and the prices on liquor are lower, and fewer restrictions.
And who drives the brew house.

And however, success in this fight is.
In Norway I have never seen Spytech bloated entities.
No one walks around with bottles of beer on the streets.
People ruddy, athletic, and good-natured.
Nice open human face.
Isn't that enough!

"Allah does not change people until they shall change what is in them," — said in the Quran.