Magnificent nature of Gotland, of course, attains the indescribable beauty of summer, when flowers bloom and the whole island surrounds an unsurpassed flavor. In the summer of Gotland turns into a little ant farm where tourists flock from all over Sweden.
Gotland is the sunniest corner of Sweden. Throughout the summer the Baltic sea around the island is warmed so that it remains warm until October. This allows you to swim even in September and autumn here is rarely cold and harsh.
But we have to swim, especially not pulling) Especially in the evenings was pretty cool. But I must say we were lucky with the weather for the whole week of stay, there is no rain.
This day was a day of water. A wide range of water that met us on the way
Water in Gotland is not only the Baltic sea. This small swamp, and the beautiful lake. Once Gotland were abundant in the lakes, but as a result of the draining of the territories they became either fertile land or in swampy areas. Most of the remaining lakes are located in the Northern part of Gotland, and the largest lake - Bästeträsk (the lake here referred to is not the usual word Swedish sjö, and dialect träsk). The water in this lake is of such high quality that it is possible to drink without special treatment.
Maybe that's why the gotlanders not bathe in this lake ( maybe that's where bathing is forbidden, although there are no signs prohibiting it, I have not seen)
Around here literally half a kilometer is a popular place for swimming — one of the amazingly beautiful places of Northern Gotland, is the blue lagoon (Blå lagunen). Nature CEthe right part of the island was formed under the influence of the limestone industry. A career filled with water, including the quarry, nicknamed the "blue lagoon". In the summer this place is very popular among tourists, and among the inhabitants of the island. Here is a good road, there is Parking, room to relax.
The water in the lake Bästeträsk has a greenish tint with a low content of nutrients, making the lake almost devoid of vegetation
The area around Bästeträsk was used for development of the limestone with the 1650-ies. Production ceased in 1990, but traces of the industry remain. Career was filled with water
After 4 hours got to the resort village of Arevik (Irevik). There are many cottages on the gentle slope of the mountains , a long sandy beach and somewhere further North reserve
Despite the hot sun the North West wind was cold and permeated through and through. Holidaymakers on the beach people were hiding in the dunes or behind the trees. I also found a similar place and we lay down to rest
After two hours of sleep under the pine trees of Irifica decided it was still a bit to go forward and look at a single raukar located in the town of Oskarhamn (Liskerhamn)
Raukar Jungfrun eit is the highest stone pillar in the whole of Sweden, reaching almost 12 metres in height. Raukura from the tip to the surface of the water is 26 meters. There is a legend going back thousands of years, explaining why this raukar is called (in Russian language its name translates as "Maiden raukar"). That's what tells us an ancient legend:
in the 11th century in Likeshare lived a rich and powerful man by the name of Likir and nickname Wise. He had a daughter, beautiful Ellegard. Once Likir Wise returned from a trip, bringing with him the captured boy. His name was Helga, and he was the son of a defeated leader. Helge and Ellegard grew up together and, of course, met quite often. Growing up, they loved each other. When Likir found out about this, he was furious - he believed that his daughter should marry a more worthy person.
He decided to end their relationship, come what may. One day in the fall of Likir made a great feast in the Harbor. Before the feast, he ordered the servants to raise their daughter with the help of ladders to the top of the high raukar. When all the guests gathered, Likir announced that it will allow Helga to marry his daughter, if he will be able to descend with her hands from the top of the rocky formation. Without thinking any minute, Helga began to scramble up the steep rock. He was full of hope and determination, but because very soon got to the top, where he waited favorite Ellegard. But the hardest was still to come: now they had to come down. Taking his beloved in his hands, Helga cautiously began to descend.
He walked through the part raukar, who went to the sea - if he failed, it remained a small chance that they both fall into the sea, and not broken on the rocks. This time Helge was almost able to overcome such a difficult path. To the plateau on which stood raukar, were just a few steps away and guests have begun to believe that Helge will be the winner of this breathtaking contractions. Then Lcairo not remain anything other how to fulfill his promise...
Suddenly, the air whistled and arrow pierced the boy's head. It was a well-aimed shot Ligeira, which was not able to come to terms with a possible wedding and chose such a sad end for her daughter. Helge and Ellegard fell into the sea, where hungry waves MHavenno swallowed them, as if waiting for this for a long time. Some of the invited guests rushed to the sea, their only desire was to protect Alleged, but it was too late. Sea forever concealed Helge and Ellegard from human eyes.
On the eve of a new world war in 1939. The Swedes started the construction of numerous machine-gun bunkers and artillery antilanding defense directly on the coast and in the likely places aviatehsnab. Only until 1945, was built a few hundred DOT, designed for multiple hits of 150mm shells and 100 kg. bombs, armed with machine guns and anti-tank guns of the caliber of 84 mm. of the Tunnel shelter, carved into the rocks, hidden in command centers and warehouses of ammunition. Some of these shelters could accommodate up to 700 people.
The work was carried out by the specialized teams - diggers, concrete workers, carpenters, installers of equipment, which moved from silo to silo, fulfilling its part of the job. One team during the day worked at two sites (12 in week). Here's fortification line. By the end of 1940 had constructed more than 1000 buildings, of which 355 - machine-gun FROM.
During the cold war, the Gotland garrison consisted of 1500 officers and soldiers and 5 thousand reservists. On the island was stationed armored brigade: 60 armored vehicles, 110 armored infantry, about 30 artillery guns, self-aircraft and anti-tank unit. In addition, the defense of the island from the mainland could immediately support 25 thousand troops. Perestroika in the Soviet Union, followed by the apparent collapse in the armed forces of the Russian Federation and representations of the Kremlin in the new peaceful course had on the defense of Sweden and, in particular, Gotland relaxing effect. By 2000, the island has disappeared, the regiment of coast artillery in Fortune in 2004, it was eliminated all the anti-aircraft calculations, a year later was disbanded last regiment P18, and its fortifications were sold to private hands. In the early 2000s, it was possible to purchase a inexpensive on a newspaper ad some kind of bunker, bomb shelter or protected firing point in the archipelago.
Now after the Swedes had seen aggressive aggressive actions of Russia against its neighbors in violation of the peace Treaty , they began to return military on Gotland. While symbolically — 150 soldiers. But who knows how it will go — suddenly again will close the handicap for tourism in a new round of confrontation and the arms race
The island is quite vulnerable in case of attack from Russia, and though Sweden is a neutral country — she remembers the words of the Soviet chief of the political Directorate of the Soviet army and Navy General Aleksei Episheva, which he said in 1971: "If war, this neutrality is worthless. No one is going to respect the neutrality of the country, and they will not be able to maintain their neutrality."
Experts estimate the potential capability of Gotland in 6 hours. That's how much it would take Russian troops to complete the occupation of the key, in strategic terms, the Islands in the Baltic sea.
Overnight stopped on a grassy piece of pebble beach near Lasergame who looked after my companion. Nearby was a trailer with elderly Swedes. One of the men was loudly blowing his nose constantly. Noticed this strange habit of many Swedes. Why they did it defiantly and loudly and not in a handkerchief and with alarming frequency. This still remains a mystery to me) luckily the night they left, and that would be a long time to fall asleep to the accompaniment of these sounds